Symptoms and Prevention of Prostate Cancer
Prostate cancer starts when cells in the prostate gland begins to grow tensely. The prostate is a gland only in males. It produces some of the fluid that is part of semen.
The prostate is below the bladder and in front of the rectum. The size of the prostate changes when aging. In younger men, it is about the size of a walnut, but it can be larger in older men.
Almost all prostate cancers are adenocarcinomas. These cancers develop from the gland cells (the cells that make the prostate fluid that is added to the semen).
Types of prostate cancer include:
- Small cell carcinomas
- Neuroendocrine tumors (other than small cell carcinomas)
- Transitional cell carcinomas
Certain prostate cancers can spread quickly, but most grow slowly. Studies show that many older men (and even some younger men) who died of other causes also had prostate cancer that never affected them during their lives. In many cases neither they nor their doctors even knew they had it.
Prostate cancer is one of the most common types of cancer in men. Prostate cancer that’s detected early — when it’s still confined to the prostate gland— has a better chance of successful treatment.
Prostate cancer may cause no signs or symptoms in its early stages.
Here are the Signs and Symptoms of Prostate cancer:
- Trouble urinating
- Decreased force in the stream of urine
- Blood in semen
- Discomfort in the pelvic area
- Bone pain
- Erectile dysfunction
You can reduce your risk of prostate cancer, here’s how you can help prevent Prostate Cancer:
- A healthy diet of fruits and vegetables. Dodge high-fat foods and focus on choosing a variety of fruits, vegetables and whole grains. Fruits and vegetables contain many vitamins and nutrients that can contribute to your health.
- Exercise most days of the week. Exercise improves your overall health, helps you maintain your weight and improves your mood. There is evidence that men who don’t exercise have higher PSA levels, while men who exercise may have a lower risk of prostate cancer.
Try to exercise most days of the week.
- Maintain a healthy weight. If your current weight is healthy, work to maintain it by exercising most days of the week. If you need to lose weight, add more exercise and reduce the number of calories you eat each day. Ask your doctor for help creating a plan for healthy weight loss.
- Talk to your doctor about increased risk of prostate cancer. Men with a high risk of prostate cancer may consider medications or other treatments to reduce their risk. Some studies suggest that taking 5-alpha reductase inhibitors, including finasteride (Propecia, Proscar) and dutasteride (Avodart), may reduce the overall risk of developing prostate cancer. These drugs are used to control prostate gland enlargement and hair loss in men.
However, some evidence indicates that men taking these medications may have an increased risk of getting a more serious form of prostate cancer (high-grade prostate cancer).
Prostate Cancer Testing:
Two tests are commonly used to look for prostate cancer in the absence of any symptoms. One is the digital rectum exam, in which a doctor feels the prostate through the rectum to find hard or lumpy areas known as nodules.
The other is a blood test used to detect a substance made by the prostate called “prostate-specific antigen” (PSA). When used together, these tests can detect abnormalities that might suggest prostate cancer.
If you feel you have Prostate Cancer, its best to talk to your doctor and get tested immediately.