World Heart Day Awareness
September 29th 2018 is observed for World Heart Day. This day we help to raise awareness about heart health and how important it is to take care of the heart. When someone is getting a heart attack, every second matters. The faster you react, the faster it is to treat and prevent it from being fatal. Noticing symptoms of a mild heart attack, it is important you learn about common signs and symptoms.
A heart attack, also called a myocardial infarction, can be fatal, but treatment has improved dramatically over the years. Call 911 immediately for medical help if you think you might be having a heart attack.
Symptoms of heart attack can vary in both severity and type. While some heart attack symptoms might be mild and come slowly over a course of several hours, others maybe sudden or intense.
Chest pain is one of the most common symptoms of a heart attack. But this chest pain can develop gradually and may come and go. At times, it gets worse with exertion and may get better by taking rest.
But not everyone experiences chest pain during heart attack. The National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute states that around one-third of the people with heart attacks experienced no chest pain. Older adults and people with diabetes are more likely to experience heart attack without chest pain.
Symptoms of a heart attack are different for both men and women. The range of symptoms of heart attack varies in both men and women. But the more number of symptoms you have, the more likely it is that you are having a heart attack.
* Cold sweat
* Clammy skin
* Sudden dizziness
* Heart flutter
* Coughing (especially in women)
* Sleep disturbance
* Anxiety (in women)
* Extreme fatigue
What are Signs of a Silent Heart Attack?
Yes, a heart attack might not always cause obvious symptoms. Silent heart attack are more in common in women than men.
Silent heart attack may offer warning signs only for a short period of time. These warning signs are also mild in nature. They may cause chest discomfort which constantly comes and goes.
Silent Heart Attack Symptoms Include:
* Discomfort in back
* Discomfort in jaw
* Discomfort in neck
* Discomfort in stomach
* Discomfort in arms
* Cold sweat
* Shortness of breath
Some heart attacks strike suddenly, but many people have warning signs and symptoms hours, days or weeks in advance. The earliest warning might be recurrent chest pain or pressure (angina) that’s triggered by exertion and relieved by rest. Angina is caused by a temporary decrease in blood flow to the heart.
Heart attack risk factors include:
* Age. Men age 45 or older and women age 55 or older are more likely to have a heart attack than are younger men and women.
* Tobacco. This includes smoking and long-term exposure to secondhand smoke.
* High blood pressure. Over time, high blood pressure can damage arteries that feed your heart. High blood pressure that occurs with other conditions, such as obesity, high cholesterol or diabetes, increases your risk even more.
* High blood cholesterol or triglyceride levels. A high level of low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol (the “bad” cholesterol) is most likely to narrow arteries. A high level of triglycerides, a type of blood fat related to your diet, also ups your risk of heart attack. However, a high level of high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol (the “good” cholesterol) lowers your risk of heart attack.
* Obesity. Obesity is associated with high blood cholesterol levels, high triglyceride levels, high blood pressure and diabetes. Losing just 10 percent of your body weight can lower this risk, however.
* Diabetes. Not producing enough of a hormone secreted by your pancreas (insulin) or not responding to insulin properly causes your body’s blood sugar levels to rise, increasing your risk of heart attack.
* Metabolic syndrome. This occurs when you have obesity, high blood pressure and high blood sugar. Having metabolic syndrome makes you twice as likely to develop heart disease than if you don’t have it.
* Family history of heart attack. If your siblings, parents or grandparents have had early heart attacks (by age 55 for male relatives and by age 65 for female relatives), you might be at increased risk.
* Lack of physical activity. Being inactive contributes to high blood cholesterol levels and obesity. People who exercise regularly have better cardiovascular fitness, including lower high blood pressure.
* Stress. You might respond to stress in ways that can increase your risk of a heart attack.
* Illicit drug use. Using stimulant drugs, such as cocaine or amphetamines, can trigger a spasm of your coronary arteries that can cause a heart attack.
* A history of preeclampsia. This condition causes high blood pressure during pregnancy and increases the lifetime risk of heart disease.
If you suspect you’re having a heart attack, don’t hesitate. Immediately call 911 or your local emergency number. If you don’t have access to emergency medical services, have someone drive you to the nearest hospital.
Drive yourself only if there are no other options. Because your condition can worsen, driving yourself puts you and others at risk.